The draft Great Weston Conservation Area Appraisal work is now on eConsult. – North Somerset Council’s public consultation platform. All five documents that make up the draft appraisal work can be accessed via eConsult.
We are currently working with Consultants (Allies and Morrison) to develop draft Conservation Area Appraisals and Management Plans for Weston. With the intention to present to North Somerset Council Executive meeting on 4th December for adoption.
The proposal is to merge the current Conservation Areas in Weston into one Conservation Area that is subdivided into four separate character areas. This includes adding to the footprint by including the town centre and residential areas around Ellenborough Park and Clarence Park.
There are 5 reports to consider. The first is an introduction to the concept of the Great Weston Conservation Area. There are then four character appraisals for: Hillside area, Seafront area, Town Centre area and the Whitecross area. You are welcome to comment on all of the reports or some of them.
As the population of Britain grew during the 19th century, the Church of England, Roman Catholic Church and non-conformist denominations needed new affordable churches, which could be erected quickly. A series of religious revivals during the 19th and early 20th century also led to an increase in the number of people attending churches.
Folding a sheet of iron gives it stiffness and rigidity. In the 1820s Henry Palmer, an engineer from London, developed a new method of corrugating iron. Richard Walker realised that Palmer’s corrugated iron could be used for cladding buildings such as warehouses. Then in 1837 hot dip galvanising was invented by a French engineer called Stanislas Sorel. Galvanising is the process by which iron is coated with a thin layer of zinc, thus preventing it from corroding and greatly increasing its life span. Tin was never used for coating corrugated iron for buildings.
Large scale production of prefabricated corrugated iron buildings began in the 1850s. Churches, chapels and mission halls were designed and built in flat pack kit form and sold via catalogues. These churches were nicknamed tin tabernacles. A tabernacle is “a temporary dwelling; generally movable, constructed of branches, boards, or canvas; a hut, tent, booth” (Oxford English Dictionary). Most tin tabernacles were intended to provide short term accommodation for church congregations while they raised money to build a more permanent church. However many were never replaced by more durable structures.
Tin tabernacles were built on a brick or rubble and mortar foundation. They were timber framed and clad on the outside with galvanised corrugated iron. Corrugated iron sheets were rigid and light enough to span between roof beams unsupported. The sheets could be overlapped to form an interlocking and watertight roof.
The inside walls were usually lined with wooden tongue and groove boards. The flooring was either beaten earth, flagstones or suspended wooden floorboards. The buildings were insulated with felt placed between the inner and outer walls. The windows were sometimes rectangular but many churches had Gothic arch windows. Some had small steeples or bell towers on their roofs. Lighting was usually provided by paraffin lamps. In urban areas this was later replaced by gas lighting. Small coal or wood burning stoves were sometimes installed to heat the buildings.
Prefabricated corrugated iron buildings were made by several different British companies in cities such as London, Liverpool, Manchester, Edinburgh, Glasgow and Norwich (Boulton and Paul). In addition to churches, they also made a variety of other types of buildings e.g. houses, village halls, synagogues, school rooms, temperance halls, hotels, bunkhouses, sports pavilions, hospital wards and warehouses. Many were exported to Canada, Australia, California and Africa, especially during their gold rush periods. The peak period for the production of corrugated iron buildings was probably the 1890s.
Most tin tabernacles were eventually demolished or are now derelict. A few have been converted to other secular uses but some are still in use as churches. The tin tabernacle former Baptist Chapel on the A38 at Barrow Common is in good condition but doesn’t seem to be in use as a church. It was built at some point between 1913 and 1930. Elsewhere in Somerset tin tabernacle churches are still in use at Edithmead, Langley Marsh, Porlock Weir and Alhampton near Ditcheat.
Ian Smith:Tin Tabernacles: Corrugated Iron Mission Halls, Churches & Chapels of Britain, published by Camrose Media in 2004
Dole tables were stone tables or ledges usually located in church porches and more rarely in churchyards. From medieval times until the 16th or 17th centuries they were used for settling contracts and the payment of debts, bequests, tithes and church dues. They were also used to distribute money or bread to the needy of the parish and passing travellers in need of help. Very few dole tables have survived to the present day. There are three in the historic county of Somerset: at Dundry in North Somerset; Nynehead near Wellington and Oake near Taunton.
Dundry’s Dole Table is located in the churchyard of St Michael’s Parish Church. It is a 1.5 metre cube of locally quarried Dundry Stone/Freestone, which is an Inferior Oolite limestone. An alternative theory is that it isn’t a dole table but is a sample of dressed Dundry Stone, which acted as a demonstration of its qualities as a building stone.
Dundry Stone, which contains many fossils, especially ammonites, was quarried and mined around Dundry for use as a building stone from Roman times until the 1920s. The quarries are now important wildlife habitats. The ornate tower of Dundry Church was built of Dundry Stone in the 15th century and is said to have been paid for by Bristol’s Society of Merchant Venturers. The church is on the top of a hill and the tower can be seen from most parts of Bristol and it also acted as a landmark for ships sailing up the Bristol Channel.
Dundry Stone was also used in the building of St Thomas’s and St Mary Redcliffe Churches in Bristol; Cardiff Castle and Llandaff Cathedral in Cardiff; Christ Church Cathedral in Dublin and other parish churches across Ireland.